Quick Answer: What Disorders Are Associated With The Cerebellum?

What disease affects the cerebellum?

Cerebellum and brainstem Persistent ataxia usually results from damage to the part of your brain that controls muscle coordination (cerebellum).

Many conditions can cause ataxia, including alcohol misuse, certain medication, stroke, tumor, cerebral palsy, brain degeneration and multiple sclerosis..

How do you treat damage to the cerebellum?

Here are some possible treatments:You may need surgery if your condition is the result of bleeding in the cerebellum.You may need antibiotics if you have an infection.Blood thinners can help if a stroke caused your ACA.You can take medications to treat inflammation of the cerebellum, such as steroids.More items…

Does the cerebellum control personality?

Following the recognition of its role in sensory-motor coordination and learning, the cerebellum has been involved in cognitive, emotional, and even personality domains.

What is the most common cause of cerebellar disease?

The most prevalent causes of acute cerebellar ataxia are viruses (e.g., coxsackievirus, rubeola, varicella), traumatic insults, and toxins (e.g., alcohol, barbiturates, antiepileptic drugs) (see Chapter 92).

What are the symptoms of a damaged cerebellum?

Damage to the cerebellum can lead to: 1) loss of coordination of motor movement (asynergia), 2) the inability to judge distance and when to stop (dysmetria), 3) the inability to perform rapid alternating movements (adiadochokinesia), 4) movement tremors (intention tremor), 5) staggering, wide based walking (ataxic gait …

What can happen if the cerebellum is damaged?

If the cerebellum is damaged, it can result in issues like uncoordinated movement, tremors, or muscle spasms. Damage to this part of the brain is most often caused by a head injury or stroke.

Can you have a stroke in your cerebellum?

A cerebellar stroke is one of the less common types of strokes. It occurs when a blood vessel is blocked or bleeding, causing complete interruption to a portion of the cerebellum. This type of stroke typically affects only one side or section of the cerebellum. It’s also referred to as cerebellar stroke syndrome.

How does the cerebellum affect behavior?

The cerebellum has traditionally been seen primarily to coordinate voluntary movement, but evidence is accumulating that it may play a role in cognition and behavior as well. This is a selective review of studies assessing potential cognitive deficits and personality changes associated with cerebellar disease.

Can damage to the cerebellum be reversed?

There is no cure for hereditary forms of cerebellar degeneration. Treatment is usually supportive and is based on the person’s symptoms. For example, drugs may be prescribed to ease gait abnormalities. Physical therapy can strengthen muscles.

What is the life expectancy of someone with ataxia?

Life expectancy is generally shorter than normal for people with hereditary ataxia, although some people can live well into their 50s, 60s or beyond. In more severe cases, the condition can be fatal in childhood or early adulthood. For acquired ataxia, the outlook depends on the underlying cause.

Does the cerebellum control emotions?

The cerebellum is particularly well suited to regulate emotion, as connections with limbic regions, including the amygdala, the hippocampus, and the septal nuclei have been posited [9].

How does the cerebellum affect your everyday life?

Maintaining balance: The cerebellum has special sensors that detect shifts in balance and movement. It sends signals for the body to adjust and move. Coordinating movement: Most body movements require the coordination of multiple muscle groups. The cerebellum times muscle actions so that the body can move smoothly.

What causes deterioration of the cerebellum?

Cerebellar degeneration can be caused by a variety of factors including inherited gene changes ( mutations ), chronic alcohol abuse, and paraneoplastic disorders. Treatment for cerebellar degeneration varies depending on the underlying cause.

How do you heal the cerebellum?

No cures are possible for most patients who suffer debilitating movement disorders called cerebellar ataxias. But in a few of these disorders, patients can be effectively treated with regimens such as prescription drugs, high doses of vitamin E and gluten-free diets.

What is the treatment for cerebellar ataxia?

There’s no treatment specifically for ataxia. In some cases, treating the underlying cause resolves the ataxia, such as stopping medications that cause it. In other cases, such as ataxia that results from chickenpox or other viral infections, it’s likely to resolve on its own.