How Do You Read CBC Results?

What do the abbreviations on a CBC mean?

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CBC: A commonly used abbreviation in medicine that stands for complete blood count, a set values of the cellular (formed elements) of blood.

These measurements are generally determined by specially designed machines that analyze the different components of blood in less than a minute..

What is the most common reason for low white blood cell count?

A low white blood cell count usually is caused by: Viral infections that temporarily disrupt the work of bone marrow. Certain disorders present at birth (congenital) that involve diminished bone marrow function. Cancer or other diseases that damage bone marrow.

What does abnormal CBC mean?

Abnormal red blood cell, hemoglobin, or hematocrit levels may indicate anemia, iron deficiency, or heart disease. Low white cell count may indicate an autoimmune disorder, bone marrow disorder, or cancer. High white cell count may indicate an infection or reaction to medication.

Can stress cause low white cell count?

In addition, stress decreases the body’s lymphocytes — the white blood cells that help fight off infection. The lower your lymphocyte level, the more at risk you are for viruses, including the common cold and cold sores.

What cancers are detected by blood tests?

The blood test identified breast, lung, and colorectal cancers, for which there are recommended screening tests. But it also identified seven other cancer types for which no screening tests exist.

What does abnormal blood test results mean?

Your blood test results may fall outside the normal range for many reasons. Abnormal results might be a sign of a disorder or disease. Other factors—such as diet, menstrual cycle, physical activity level, alcohol intake, and medicines (both prescription and over the counter)—also can cause abnormal results.

What is a normal WBC level?

The normal number of WBCs in the blood is 4,500 to 11,000 WBCs per microliter (4.5 to 11.0 × 109/L). Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different labs. Some labs use different measurements or may test different specimens. Talk to your provider about your test results.

What is a normal platelet count for a woman?

A normal platelet count ranges from 150,000 to 450,000 platelets per microliter of blood. Having more than 450,000 platelets is a condition called thrombocytosis; having less than 150,000 is known as thrombocytopenia.

What is a normal CBC reading?

ResultsRed blood cell countMale: 4.35-5.65 trillion cells/L* (4.35-5.65 million cells/mcL**) Female: 3.92-5.13 trillion cells/L (3.92-5.13 million cells/mcL)HemoglobinMale: 13.2-16.6 grams/dL*** (132-166 grams/L) Female: 11.6-15 grams/dL (116-150 grams/L)HematocritMale: 38.3-48.6 percent Female: 35.5-44.9 percent3 more rows•Dec 22, 2020

What is the normal range for blood test results?

1. Complete blood countComponentNormal rangewhite blood cells3,500 to 10,500 cells/mcLplatelets150,000 to 450,000/mcLhemoglobinmen: 13.5–17.5 grams/deciliter (g/dL); women: 12.0–15.5 g/dLhematocritmen: 38.8–50.0 percent; women: 34.9–44.5 percent1 more row•Jul 24, 2020

What is another name for CBC?

A complete blood count (CBC), also known as a full blood count (FBC), is a set of medical laboratory tests that provide information about the cells in a person’s blood.

What are the three main blood tests?

A blood test is typically composed of three main tests: a complete blood count, a metabolic panel and a lipid panel. Each test for different things, which can be understood through a detailed analysis of the results.

Are abnormal blood test results normal?

Abnormal blood counts are often treatable and are common. It happens rarely when abnormal blood count indicates cancer or immune disorder.

What diseases can a CBC detect?

The CBC can evaluate your overall health and detect a variety of diseases and conditions, such as infections, anemia and leukemia….Some examples include:Anemia of various etiologies.Autoimmune disorders.Bone marrow disorders.Dehydration.Infections.Inflammation.Hemoglobin abnormalities.Leukemia.More items…•Feb 19, 2020

What does a CBC look like with leukemia?

CBC is the most useful initial laboratory test in patients suspected of having leukemia. Most patients will show some abnormality in the CBC and some blasts will be seen in the peripheral smear in patients with acute leukemias. To diagnose CLL, a lymphocytosis of greater than 5000/mm3 must be present.

When CBC report is normal?

What do the results mean?Blood componentNormal levelsred blood cellIn men: 4.32-5.72 million cells/mcL In women: 3.90-5.03 million cells/mcLhemoglobinIn men: 135-175 grams/L In women: 120-155 grams/LhematocritIn men: 38.8-50.0 percent In women: 34.9-44.5 percentwhite blood cell count3,500 to 10,500 cells/mcL1 more row

When should I be worried about low white blood cells?

How many white blood cells (WBCs) someone has varies, but the normal range is usually between 4,000 and 11,000 per microliter of blood. A blood test that shows a WBC count of less than 4,000 per microliter (some labs say less than 4,500) could mean your body may not be able to fight infection the way it should.

What happens when you have a low white blood cell count?

White blood cells are produced by your bone marrow to help your body fight infection. If you have fewer than normal white blood cells, you have a higher risk of getting an infection. When you have a low white blood cell count, your immune system isn’t working as well as it should.

What does a full blood test show?

Full blood count (FBC) This is a test to check the types and numbers of cells in your blood, including red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. This can help give an indication of your general health, as well as provide important clues about certain health problems you may have.

What blood tests should I get annually?

The 5 types of blood tests you should do every yearBroad Thyroid Panel. … Essential Nutrients: iron/ferritin, vitamin D, vitamin B12, magnesium. … Complete Metabolic Panel and Complete Blood Count. … Metabolic Markers: Hemoglobin A1c, fasting glucose and insulin, lipid panel. … Inflammatory markers: hsCRP, homocysteine.Nov 4, 2020

Can a CBC detect heart problems?

Beyond Leukocytes: Use of the Complete Blood Count to Predict Coronary Heart Disease Risk. Other components of the CBC, such as the RBC and platelet counts and hemoglobin and hematocrit values, also are associated with CHD and can be used in combination with the WBC count to predict coronary risk.